How to Apply for UPSC Exams, Age Limit, Results 2023, Online Application, Syllabus, and UPSC Full Form Explained

Bharat Educate

showcasing the UPSC with a person studying the syllabus in the background

Learn the step-by-step process to apply for UPSC exams, understand the age limit criteria, stay updated with UPSC results for 2023, apply online through the UPSC website, access the UPSC syllabus in PDF format, and uncover UPSC full form.

showcasing the UPSC with a person studying the syllabus in the background

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a constitutional body in India responsible for conducting competitive examinations and selecting candidates for various prestigious civil services positions within the government. If you aspire to serve the nation and make a significant impact on society, understanding UPSC and its examination process is crucial.

Significance of UPSC: UPSC examinations provide opportunities to enter esteemed positions such as the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and other Group A and B services. These positions offer a platform to contribute to policymaking, governance, and social development.

Full of form of UPSE:

Union Public Service Commission.

Who is the first Chairman of UPSC?

Sir Ross Barker was the first chairman of UPSC.

List of chairman’s:

Chairman NameDate of JoiningDate of Retirement
Sir Ross BarkerOct-26Aug-32
Sir David PetrieAug-321936
Sir Eyre Gorden19371942
Sir F.W. Robertson19421947
Sh. H.K. KripalaniApril 1, 1947January 13, 1949
Sh. R.N. BanerjeeJanuary 14, 1949May 9, 1955
Sh. N. GovindarajanMay 9, 1955Dec. 9, 1955
Sh. V.S. HejmadiDec. 9, 1955Dec. 9, 1961
Sh. B.N. JhaDec. 11, 1961Feb.22, 1967
Sh. K.R. DamleApril 18, 1967March 2, 1971
Sh. R.C.S. SarkarMay1,1971Feb.1, 1973
Dr. A.R. KidwaiFeb. 5, 1973Feb. 4, 1979
Dr. M.L. ShahareFeb.16, 1979Feb.16, 1985
Sh. H.K.L. CapoorFeb.18, 1985March 5, 1990
Sh. J.P. GuptaMarch 5, 1990June 2, 1992
Mrs. R.M.Bathew (Kharbuli)Sept. 23, 1992Aug. 23, 1996
Sh. S.J.S. ChhatwalAug. 23, 1996Sept. 30, 1996
Sh. J.M. QureshiSept. 30, 1996Dec. 11, 1998
Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Surinder NathDec. 11, 1998June 25, 2002
Sh. P.C. HotaJune 25, 2002Sept. 8, 2003
Sh. Mata PrasadSept. 8, 2003Jan.4, 2005
S. R. HashimJan-05Apr-06
D. P. AgrawalAug-08Aug-14
Rajni RazdanAugust, 2014November, 2014
Deepak GuptaNov-14Sep-16
Alka SirohiSeptember 21, 2016January 3, 2017
David R. SyiemliehJanuary 4, 2017January 21, 2018
Vinay MittalJanuary 22, 2018June 19, 2018
Arvind SaxenaJune 20, 2018August 6, 2020
Pradeep Kumar JoshiAugust 7, 2020April 4, 2022
Dr. Manoj SoniApril 5, 2022

Examinations Conducted by UPSC:

  1. Civil Services Examination (CSE):
    • Eligibility Criteria:
      • Age limit: 21-32 years (relaxations for reserved categories).
      • Educational Qualification: Bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized university.
    • Stages of Examination:
      • Preliminary Examination:
        • Objective-type questions.
        • Tests aptitude and knowledge in subjects such as General Studies, Current Affairs, and CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test).
      • Main Examination:
        • Descriptive-type questions.
        • Consists of nine papers, including four General Studies papers, two optional subject papers, one essay paper, and two language papers.
      • Personality Test (Interview):
        • Assesses a candidate’s communication skills, personality traits, and suitability for administrative roles.
  2. Other Examinations Conducted by UPSC:
    • Engineering Services Examination (ESE):
      • Conducted for recruitment in various engineering services in the government.
    • Combined Medical Services Examination (CMS):
      • Conducted for recruitment in medical services such as railways, defense, and municipal corporations.
    • National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (NDA & NA):
      • Conducted for admission to the Army, Navy, and Air Force wings of the National Defence Academy.
    • Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE):
      • Conducted for recruitment into the Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, and Officers’ Training Academy.
    • Indian Forest Service Examination (IFoS):
      • Conducted for recruitment into the Indian Forest Service.

Tips for UPSC Preparation:

  1. Study Plan and Time Management:
    • Create a comprehensive study plan.
    • Allocate sufficient time for each subject.
    • Follow a disciplined routine.
  2. Choosing the Right Optional Subject:
    • Analyze your strengths, interests, and the scoring pattern of optional subjects.
    • Consider the overlap with the General Studies syllabus.
  3. Practice and Revision:
    • Solve previous year question papers.
    • Take mock tests to improve speed, accuracy, and time management.
  4. Enhancing Writing and Communication Skills:
    • Regularly practice essay writing and answer writing.
    • Seek feedback from mentors or experienced candidates to improve communication skills.

UPSC as a Career:

  1. Opportunities and Job Profiles:
    • Indian Administrative Service (IAS): Responsible for policy formulation, implementation, and administration at various levels.
    • Indian Police Service (IPS): Responsible for law enforcement, crime prevention, and maintenance of public order.
    • Indian Foreign Service (IFS): Represents India’s interests abroad, diplomacy, and international relations.
    • Other Group A and B services: Include diverse roles in revenue, customs, railways, defense, and more.
  2. Career Progression:
    • Promotions based on experience, performance, and clearing departmental examinations.
    • Opportunities for higher positions and administrative roles at the state and central levels.
  3. Benefits and Perks:
    • Job security and stability.
    • Attractive salaries and allowances.
    • Healthcare facilities and retirement benefits.

Civil Services Examination (CSE) – Main Examination Papers:

General Studies Paper IIndian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society
General Studies Paper IIGovernance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations
General Studies Paper IIITechnology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management
General Studies Paper IVEthics, Integrity, and Aptitude
Optional Subject Paper IChoose one from a list of subjects
Optional Subject Paper IIChoose one from a list of subjects
Essay PaperCandidates have to write two essays.
Language Paper IEnglish (Compulsory)
Language Paper IIAny Indian Language included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution (Compulsory)

Example Optional Subjects:

SubjectScoring Pattern
Public AdministrationHistorically considered scoring with ample resources available.
HistoryScoring if one has a strong grasp of the subject and can present well.
GeographyCan be scoring with a focused and thorough preparation strategy.
SociologyOffers good scoring opportunities with proper understanding of concepts.
Political Science and IRCan be scoring for candidates with a strong foundation in the subject.
Literature (Any Language)Scoring depends on in-depth knowledge and analysis of literary works.

Conclusion: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) provides a platform for individuals to serve the nation and make a meaningful contribution to society. With proper guidance, diligent preparation, and perseverance, aspiring candidates can embark on a rewarding and impactful career through UPSC examinations.

How to apply for UPCs?

To apply for UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) exams, follow these steps:

  • Visit the official website: Go to the official UPSC website.
  • Navigate to the “Examination” section: Look for the “Examination” tab on the website’s homepage and click on it.
  • Select the desired exam: Choose the exam you want to apply for, such as the Civil Services Examination (CSE), Combined Defense Services (CDS) Examination, or others.
  • Read the notification: Click on the respective exam notification to read all the details, including eligibility criteria, exam pattern, syllabus, and important dates.
  • Registration: If you are eligible and want to proceed, click on the registration link provided in the notification. This will take you to the UPSC Online Application system.
  • Fill in the application form: Carefully fill out the application form with accurate personal, educational, and contact information. Double-check the details before submitting the form.
  • Upload documents: Upload scanned copies of required documents, such as your photograph, signature, and any other specified documents.
  • Pay the application fee: Make the payment of the application fee through the available online payment modes. The fee amount varies for different categories and exams.
  • Review and submit: Review all the information provided in the application form and make sure it is accurate. Submit the application form once you are satisfied.
  • Print the application form: After successful submission, take a printout of the application form for future reference. You may also receive a confirmation email from UPSC.

Note: The application process may vary slightly for different exams conducted by UPSC. It is advisable to carefully read the instructions and guidelines provided in the official notification before proceeding with the application.

  • Remember to keep track of important dates, such as the start and end of the application window, as missing the deadline will disqualify you from applying for that particular exam.


  1. What is the full form of UPSC?

    The full form of UPSC is the Union Public Service Commission.

  2. What is the age limit to appear for the UPSC Civil Services Examination?

    The age limit for the UPSC Civil Services Examination is generally between 21 to 32 years. However, there are relaxations in the upper age limit for candidates belonging to reserved categories.

  3. What is the educational qualification required to appear for the UPSC Civil Services Examination?

    To appear for the UPSC Civil Services Examination, candidates must have a bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized university.

  4. How many stages are there in the UPSC Civil Services Examination?

    The UPSC Civil Services Examination consists of three stages:
    – Preliminary Examination
    – Main Examination
    – Personality Test (Interview)

  5. How many papers are there in the UPSC Main Examination?

    The UPSC Main Examination consists of nine papers, including four General Studies papers, two optional subject papers, one essay paper, and two language papers.

  6. What are the optional subjects in the UPSC Main Examination?

    The UPSC allows candidates to choose one optional subject from a list of subjects. Some popular optional subjects include Public Administration, History, Geography, Sociology, Political Science and International Relations, and Literature (Any Language).

  7. How can I prepare for the UPSC Civil Services Examination?

    Here are some tips for UPSC preparation:

    – Create a study plan and allocate time for each subject.
    – Study from reliable sources and refer to previous year question papers.
    – Practice answer writing and take mock tests for better preparation.
    – Stay updated with current affairs and focus on improving writing and communication skills.

  8. What are the job opportunities after clearing the UPSC Civil Services Examination?

    Clearing the UPSC Civil Services Examination opens up opportunities for prestigious positions such as the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and other Group A and B services. These positions involve diverse roles in policymaking, administration, law enforcement, diplomacy, and more.

  9. Is there any reservation for candidates belonging to reserved categories in UPSC examinations?

    Yes, UPSC provides reservations for candidates belonging to scheduled castes (SC), scheduled tribes (ST), other backward classes (OBC), economically weaker sections (EWS), and persons with disabilities (PwD) as per the government’s reservation policy.

  10. What are the benefits of a career in the UPSC services?

    A career in the UPSC services offers numerous benefits, including job security, attractive salaries and allowances, healthcare facilities, retirement benefits, opportunities for career progression, and the chance to contribute to the development and governance of the nation.

Please note that the FAQs provided above are for general reference, and it is recommended to visit the official website of the UPSC or consult reliable sources for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding UPSC examinations.


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